You are constantly being bombarded by allergens and will not always be able to outrun them.

Below is a list of the most common allergens that could be responsible for your allergies/allergy symptoms. Try to identify which ones could potentially be causing your allergies. Being able to avoid the trigger of your allergies would be the best way to keep your allergies under control.1

  1. An overactive immune system1,2
    Your immune system maybe more prone to feel under attack when it comes into contact with certain substances. The substances may even be harmless like grass. (The most common types of grasses that may cause allergies are Bermuda, Johnson, Kentucky, Orchard, Rye, Sweet Vernal and Timothy).
  2. Pollen1
    Pollen is produced by plants such as grasses, trees, and weeds and can trigger hay fever or seasonal allergies. You might sneeze, have a runny or stuffy nose and/or itchy, watery eyes. To help prevent symptoms, stay inside on windy days/thunder storms when pollen counts are high, close windows, and run the air conditioning.
  3. Animal dander1
    You love your pet, but if you’re allergic, you may react to proteins in your pet’s saliva or in skin’s oil glands. Make your bedroom a pet-free zone, opt for bare floors and washable rugs instead of carpets, and bathe your pet regularly.
  4. Dust mites1
    These tiny bugs live in bedding, mattresses, upholstery, carpets, and curtains. They feed on dead skin cells from people and pets, as well as on pollen, bacteria, and fungi. They thrive in high humidity.
    To cut down on problems, use hypoallergenic pillows, cover mattresses, pillows, box springs, and wash sheets weekly in hot water. Keep the house free of dust-collecting items such as stuffed animals, curtains, and carpets.
  5. Insect stings1
    These could cause swelling and redness that may last a week or more. You might feel sick to your stomach and tired and have a low fever. In rare cases, insect bites trigger a reaction that can be life-threatening, called anaphylaxis. If you’re severely allergic, you’ll need medicine called epinephrine right away. Your doctor may recommend allergy shots to prevent reactions.
  6. Mold1
    Mold needs moisture to grow. You can find it in damp places such as basements or bathrooms, as well as in grass or mulch. The mold spores can cause an allergic reaction when you breathe it in.
    Avoid activities such as raking leaves and promote air movement in moist areas within your home.
  7. Certain foods 1
    Milk, shellfish, eggs, and nuts are among the most common foods that cause allergies. Others include wheat, soy, and fish. Within minutes of eating something you’re allergic to, you could have trouble breathing and get hives, vomiting, diarrhoea, and swelling around your mouth.
  8. Latex1
    Found in some disposable gloves, condoms, and medical devices. Latex can trigger a reaction ranging from itchy, red skin to anaphylaxis with breathing trouble.
    Symptoms can include a rash or hives, eye irritation, runny or itchy nose, sneezing, and wheezing.
  9. Medication1
    Penicillin, aspirin, and other medications can cause hives, itchy eyes, stuffiness, and swelling in your face, mouth, and throat. If you’re allergic to a medication, it’s best not to take it.
    Your doctor can talk to you about other medicine options or treatments that may allow you to take a medicine you’re allergic to if it’s necessary.
  10. Cockroaches1
    Interestingly however there is a protein in their droppings which can be a trigger.
    Keep a clean kitchen, repair cracks and holes in floors, walls, and windows to keep them out of your home.

If you have severe allergies wear a medical alert bracelet and keep the appropriate medication with you at all times. You never know when your body will think it is under attack.

DISCLAIMER: This editorial has been commissioned and brought to you by iNova Pharmaceuticals. Content in this editorial is for general information only and is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. For more information on your medical condition and treatment options, speak to your healthcare professional.

Name and business address of the holder of the certificate of registration: iNova Pharmaceuticals (Pty) Ltd. Co. Reg. No. 1952/001640/07, 15e Riley Road, Bedfordview. Tel. No. 011 087 0000. www.inovapharma.co.za. For further information, speak to your healthcare professional. Further information is available on request from iNova Pharmaceuticals. IN2977/18

References:

  1. 10 Common Allergy Triggers. [online] 6 February 2018 [Cited 9 November 2018]. Available from URL: https://www.webmd.com/allergies/ss/slideshow-common-allergy-triggers
  2. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. What If You’re Allergic to Grass? 10 Steps to Managing Grass Pollen Allergy. [online] June 2018 [cited 23 January 2019]; Available from URL: https://community.aafa.org/blog/what-if-you-re-allergic-to-grass-10-steps-to-managing-grass-pollen-allergy