Management

Allergy medications. Know your options.

Allergy medications come in different forms, including tablets, capsules, liquids, nasal sprays, and eyedrops. Some are only available by prescription. Others you can buy over the counter (OTC) at your local pharmacy. When your body comes into contact with whatever your allergy trigger is it makes chemicals called histamines.15

Antihistamines reduce or block histamines, so they stop allergy symptoms e.g.:15,16
  • Itchy eyes
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose or congestion
  • Skin rashes such as hives
It is important to know that not all antihistamines are the same. Some antihistamines:
  • May cause drowsiness and fatigue, that may impair your alertness17
  • Older histamines have more side effects than the newer ones15
  • Work on only one trigger that causes your allergic reaction. It is advisable to use an antihistamine that work on more than one of the allergy triggers, these are called a dual acting antihistamine18,19
  • Take a long time before you start to feel better, others will start to work within 30 minutes16
  • You have to take more than once a day16

The good news